Historic Rosehill c.1800
This is a beautiful restoration & renovation on a private setting with gardens close to DC, yet a world away.
The I-house was a principal domestic building type in Montgomery County during the nineteenth century, but few of these houses have survived in the eastern section of Montgomery county without extensive renovation. Although Rosehill has been remodeled, it retains sufficient integrity of location, setting, form, plan, and materials to represent a distinctive surviving example of this once common farmhouse type in eastern Montgomery County.
A house at Rosehill was originally constructed around 1800 by Dr. Benjamin Duvall who left a log structure and land to his daughter Deborah. Deborah Duvall had married Thomas Canby III and soon after their marriage they moved to Rosehill. According to family tradition, the hyphen section of this house, known by the Canbys as the “parlor,” is the original building that became an ell when the large frame I-house core was added around 1885. After her death in 1864, the 300 acre farm.was divided and their eldest son William Maudit Canby inherited the house and 135 acres of farmland. In the early twentieth century, his second son Thomas Y. Canby would receive the old house and fifteen acres of land. He lived at the residence into the 1950s .
The Canbys and Duvalls were prominent local families that were active in the county’s social and economic affairs. Dr. Benjamin Duvall was a wealthy planter and leading member of the Jacksonian faction of the Democratic party.2 Thomas Canby III was a Quaker school teacher at Fair Hill before his marriage and later became a prosperous farmer. The Canbys, typical of the independent farm families of Montgomery County in the nineteenth century, largely provided their own labor in the fields.3 Like their well-to-do neighbors, the Canbys erected an I-house to front the old farmstead reflecting their economic success. The I-house was the farmer’s ideal residence in that it was expressive of their ambitions and prosperity and, with the addition of decorative features, was considered one of the finest houses available at this time and place.
Maryland Historical Trust
Rosehill – Maryland Historical Trust